MCQ Questions for Class 7 History Chapter 10 Eighteen-Century Political Formations with Answers

Appearing Students of Class 7 Exams can download MCQ on Eighteen-Century Political Formations Class 7 with Answers from here. By practicing Class 7 History Chapter 10 MCQ with Answers, you can score well in the exam. Download Class 7 SST History Chapter 10 MCQ in PDF format from the below access links and start practicing on a regular basis for better subject knowledge.

Question 1.
Who was the founder of the Maratha Kingdom?
(a) Maharana Pratap
(b) Shivaji
(c) Raja Ajit Singh


Answer: (b) Shivaji

Question 2.
Kunbis were the:
(a) Maratha peasant warriors
(b) Maratha warriors
(c) Maratha farmers


Answer: (a) Maratha peasant warriors

Question 3.
Khalsa was instituted in the year:
(a) 1700
(b) 1699
(c) 1689


Answer: (b) 1699

Question 4.
Sawai Raja Jai Singh found his new capital in:
(a) Jaipur
(b) Jodhpur
(c) Bikaner


Answer: (a) Jaipur

Question 5.
Which part of India associated with peasant and zamindari rebellions?
(a) Southern and eastern parts of India.
(b) Northern and southern parts of India.
(c) Northern and western parts of India.


Answer: (b) Northern and southern parts of India.

Question 6.
Bahadur Shah was the son of:
(a) Shah Jahan
(b) Akbar
(c) Aurangzeb


Answer: (c) Aurangzeb

Question 7.
Chauth was a tax:
(a) imposed by Maratha
(b) imposed by Mughals
(c) imposed by Peshwa


Answer: (a) imposed by Maratha

Question 8.
Surajmal was a leader of:
(a) Maratha
(b) Jats
(c) Rajput


Answer: (b) Jats

Question 9.
Murshid Quli Khan was Governor of:
(a) Bengal
(b) Awadh
(c) Hyderabad


Answer: (a) Bengal

Question 10.
Khalsa was found by:
(a) Guru Gobind Singh
(b) Guru Nanak
(c) Guru Arjun Dev


Answer: (a) Guru Gobind Singh

Question 11.
What were the small political groups of the Sikhs called?
(a) Khalsa
(b) Misls
(c) Dalkhalsa
(d) None of these


Answer: (b) Misls
Under a number of able leaders in the eighteenth century, the Sikhs organized themselves into a number of bands called jathas, and later on misls.

Question 12.
Who were the ijaradars?
(a) Revenue farmers
(b) Farmers
(c) Tax collectors
(d) All of these


Answer: (a) Revenue farmers
The state depended on local bankers and mahajans for loans. It sold the right to collect tax to the highest bidders. These “revenue farmers” (ijaradars) agreed to pay the state a fixed sum of money.

Question 13.
What was the Jats were prosperous about?
(a) Artists
(b) Agriculturist
(c) Craftsman
(d) None of these


Answer: (b) Agriculturist
The Jats were prosperous agriculturists, and towns like Panipat and Ballabhgarh became important trading centres in the areas dominated by them.

Question 14.
Who got the title of Asaf Jah founder of state of Hyderabad?
(a) Burhan-ul-Mulk
(b) Nizam-ul-Mulk
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these


Answer: (b) Nizam-ul-Mulk
Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah, the founder of Hyderabad state, was one of the most powerful members at the court of the Mughal Emperor Farrukh Siyar.

Question 15.
Nadir Shah was the ruler of which country?
(a) Iran
(b) Afghan
(c) Iraq
(d) None of these


Answer: (a) Iran
In the midst of this economic and political crisis, the ruler of Iran, Nadir Shah, sacked and plundered the city of Delhi in 1739.

Question 16.
What were the offices held by Sa’adat Khan?
(a) Subadari
(b) Diwani
(c) Faujdari
(d) All of the above


Answer: (d) All of the above
Sa’adat Khan held the combined offices of subadari, diwani and faujdari, In fact, he was responsible for managing the political, financial and military affairs of the province of Awadh.

Question 17.
Why did Zamindars of Bengal borrow money from bankers and moneylenders?
(a) To increase their wealth
(b) To pay revenue in cash
(c) To buy new land
(d) None of these


Answer: (b) To pay revenue in cash
Zamindars of Bengal borrow money from bankers and moneylenders to pay the revenue in cash.

Question 18.
Who was the founder of Awadh?
(a) Saadat Khan
(b) Murshid Quli Khan
(c) Asaf Jah
(d) None of these


Answer: (a) Saadat Khan
Founder of Awadh was Burhan-ul-Mulk Saadat Khan.

Question 19.
Who were appointed by Mughals to control over their provinces?
(a) Subadars
(b) Faujdari
(c) Diwani
(d) All of the above


Answer: (d) All of the above
Nobles appointed as governors (subadars) often controlled the offices of revenue and military administration (diwani and faujdari) to control their provinces.

Question 20.
What were the total number of Sikh misls before Ranjit Singh?
(a) Ten
(b) Twelve
(c) Twenty
(d) Fifteen


Answer: (b) Twelve
There was total twenty Sikh misls before Ranjit Singh.

Match the following


Column IColumn II
1. Sa’adat Khan(a) Maratha Tax
2. Murshid Quli Khan(b) Subadar of Hyderabad
3. AsafJah(c) Subadar of Awadh
4. Banda Bahadur(d) Maratha
5. Shivaji(e) Maratha Minister
6. Peshwa(f) Khalsa
7. Sardeshmukhi(g) Subadar of Bengal


Column IColumn II
1. Sa’adat Khan(c) Subadar of Awadh
2. Murshid Quli Khan(g) Subadar of Bengal
3. AsafJah(b) Subadar of Hyderabad
4. Banda Bahadur(f) Khalsa
5. Shivaji(d) Maratha
6. Peshwa(e) Maratha Minister
7. Sardeshmukhi(a) Maratha Tax

Fill in the blanks

1. Bengal was founded by ……………. .


Answer: Murshid Quli Khan

2. Maharaja Ranjit Singh established his capital at ……………. .


Answer: Lahore

3. Shivaji carried out the ……………. kingdom.


Answer: Maratha

4. Guru Gobind Singh died in ……………. .


Answer: 1708

5. 1/4th of the land revenue claimed by zamindars was known as ……………. .


Answer: Chauth

6. Sawai Raja Jai Singh was given subadari of ……………. in the year 1722.


Answer: Agra

7. Hyderabad was founded by ……………. .


Answer: Asaf Jah

8. Ahmad Shah Abdali came to India in ……………. .


Answer: 1759

9. A revenue farmer was called ……………. .


Answer: Ijaradar

10. Guru Gobind Singh is ……………. guru of Sikh.


Answer: 10th



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