MCQ Questions for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 3 Politics of Planned Development with Answers

Question 1.
Which of these statements about the Bombay Plan is incorrect?
(a) It was a blueprint for India’s economic future.
(b) It supported state ownership of industry.
(c) It was made by some leading industrialists.
(d) It supported strongly the idea of plàhning.


Answer: (a) It was a blueprint for India’s economic future.

Question 2.
Which of the following ideas did not form part of the early phase of India’s development policy?
(a) Planning
(b) Liberalisation
(c) Cooperative Farming
(d) Self-sufficiency


Answer: (b) Liberalisation

Question 3.
The Idea of Planning in India was drawn from:
(a) The Bombay Plan
(b) Experiences of the Soviet bloc countries
(c) Gandhian Vision of Society
(d) Demand by Peasant Organisation
(I) b and d only
(II) d and e only
(III) a and b only
(IV) all the above


Answer: (III) (a) and (b) only.

Question 4.
Match the following:

(a) Charan Singh(i) Industrialisation
(b) P.C. Mahalanobis(ii) Zoning
(c) Bihar Famine(iii) Farmers
(d) Verghese Kurien(iv) Milk Cooperatives


(a) Charan Singh(iii) Farmers
(b) P.C. Mahalanobis(i) Industrialisation
(c) Bihar Famine(ii) Zoning
(d) Verghese Kurien(iv) Milk Cooperatives

Question 5.
Who said, “Planning is a way of organizing and utilizing resources to maximum advantage in terms of defined social ends”?
(a) K.T. Shah
(b) Planning commission of India
(c) Dr. Rajinder Prashad
(d) None of these


Answer: (b) Planning commission of India

Question 6.
In India, planning was conceived as the main instrument of:
(a) Political development
(b) Cultural development
(c) Social development
(d) Socio-economic development


Answer: (d) Socio-economic development

Question 7.
How many plans have been completed so far in India?
(a) Twelve
(b) Six
(c) Eight
(d) Four


Answer: (a) Twelve

Question 8.
The Planning Commission in India was set up in:
(a) 1953
(b) 1957
(c) 1960
(d) 1950


Answer: (d) 1950

Question 9.
The Chairman of the National Development Council is:
(a) President of India
(b) Finance Minister of India
(c) Prime Minister of India
(d) Chief Minister of U.P.


Answer: (c) Prime Minister of India

Question 10.
What is meant by planned development?


Answer: Planned development means to develop a design or plan for development.

Question 11.
Which Indian thinker emphasized planning in India and when?


Answer: M. Visvesarayya in 1934 emphasized the necessity of planning in India.

Question 12.
From where the idea of planning in India was drawn.


Answer: In India, the idea of planning was drawn from the experiences of the Soviet bloc countries.

Question 13.
What is Planning?


Answer: Planning is a conscious effort of a community to achieve preconceived objectives and goals.

Question 14.
When was the Planning Commission set up?


Answer: Planning Commission was set up in March 1950.

Question 15.
In which year First Five Year Plan was started?


Answer: The First Five Year Plan was started in 1951.

Question 16.
When Second Five Year Plan was started?


Answer: Second Five Year Plan was started in 1956.

Question 17.
Mention the main objective of the Second Five Year Plan.


Answer: The main objective of the Second Five Year Plan was to enhance the growth of Industrial development.

Question 18.
When was NITI Aayog established?


Answer: NITI Aayog was established in January 2015.


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